Water charging in South East Queensland.

In simple terms, Lessors are allowed to pass on the full water consumption charges (including bulk water charges) to tenants provided all the minimum criteria have been met.

What are the minimum criteria for water charging?
Lessors are able to pass on the full water consumption charges to tenants if:
• the rental premises are individually metered (or water is delivered by vehicle), and
• the rental premises are water efficient, and
• the tenancy agreement states the tenant must pay for water consumption.


However water usage in Queensland rental properties is the most contentious and misunderstood issue in the industry today. Property Owners have been given the authority to charge tenants for water usage (under strict guidelines), but the Legislation makes it very hard for them to enforce this right.
The issue is further complicated for interstate owners because water billing policy varies greatly between states.
To try to clarify some of the challenges, here are a few facts that you as a property Owner needs to be aware of:

1: Water Billing Policy in Queensland is Different to most other States
In Queensland, water bills are sent to you, the property owner – not the resident. Because the bills are in your name, you must pay the bill in full, irrespective of whether you will be on-charging the tenant.

2: Tenants can only be liable to pay for Water Usage
You can only pass on charges that you incur for WATER USAGE. You are NOT permitted to pass on the entire water invoice as there are access and sewerage charges which are not payable by the tenant.

3: Your Property must be Water Compliant
If you wish to charge your tenants for full water usage, your property must be ‘water compliant’. A definition water compliant property can be found at the RTAs website here
If a disagreement arises whereby the tenants refuse to pay the water usage invoice, and the matter is taken to QCAT (Queensland and Civil Administrative Tribunal), the water compliancy of the property will need to be verified via a Water Compliancy Certificate. Because this certificate needs to be in place for the period of water usage in question (ie cannot be performed retrospectively), we require that a Compliancy Certificate be issued at the beginning of every new tenancy if you wish to charge for all water usage.
This certificate is issued by a plumber who performs an inspection on the property. The minimum cost to you will be a call-out fee, plus any adjustments that are needed to make the property compliant.
Note that this needs to be done at every change of tenancy, because of the possibility that the previous tenant has removed restrictors without our knowledge, as well as the fact that plumbing fixtures deteriorate over time and require regular updating to meet compliancy standards.

4: Repayment by Tenants is often Slow; and Recourse by Owners is very Limited and Costly
Once your property is compliant, in order to claim reimbursement from your tenants for water usage, you provide us with your water bill. We use the usage information from this bill to issue an invoice to the tenants. According to Legislation, they have 30 days to pay.
If they do not pay this invoice, they are in breach of their agreement and we issue a Notice to Remedy Breach (RTA Form 11).
If this Breach expires (after 7 days) without payment from the tenant, the next step is to lodge a Dispute Resolution Form which involves the RTA conciliating between the tenant and your agent. If there is no resolution, the next step is QCAT (Tribunal). This can take months to resolve and there are costs involved to the owner, whether or not you win the case.

5: Faulty Plumbing can Void your Claim on Reimbursement
In the event of a water leak, worn out washers, faulty toilet flush, or other such routine incident, the tenant can put forward an argument to avoid paying the water usage bill. These sorts of disputes are clogging the QCAT schedule and according to the case studies, adjudicators are siding with the tenants.
As a result, you need to ensure all such maintenance is attended to as a matter of urgency – even if it means an after-hours call-out fee to a plumber.

6: Lease Dates Rarely Coincide with Water Billing Periods, reducing the amount you can claim back
Because we take the readings from your water bills, which are issued on a quarterly basis, there will be periods at the beginning and end of the tenancy where we can’t charge the tenants for water usage.

As you can see, there is more to the matter than simply ‘making the tenants pay for water’. The problem is this: water is an essential service that must be provided by the property owner. If the tenants do not pay the invoice, we cannot simply turn the water off (like Energex can turn the power off to counteract unpaid bills).
Furthermore, the tenancy laws, in trying to be fair to both sides, end up complicating the issue so much, that many disputes end up at QCAT with a lot of wasted time, resources, and money.
Charging tenants for their water usage can therefore actually end up costing you more than it is worth. Another consideration is the time and resources that your Property Manager spends in chasing up these payments. Our job as your agent is not to be a water billing service; it is to help you maximise your return on your investment. It doesn’t make sense for us to spend so much time and effort on a matter that is not returning a great benefit to you.

Items a tenant can be charged
A breakdown of water charges is shown below.

Charge as shown on water bill

Can tenant be charged?

State Bulk Water Charge

Yes, tenant can be charged*

Water Usage Charges

Yes, tenant can be charged*

Sewerage Usage Charge
 (may appear on the bill as fixed or variable)

No, tenant cannot be charged
 Sewerage is not a service charge as defined by the Act and cannot be passed onto the tenant

Fixed Access Charges
(including Water Access Charge and
Sewerage Access Charge)

No, tenant cannot be charged
 The lessor must pay all fixed charges for water supply